Knitting

Steeking Made Simple

I've recently started volunteering at the local Yap n' Yarn session held at Orkney Library in Kirkwall, and one of the questions I was asked in my 'interview' was "do you know how to steek?". It's a skill I've picked up this year, but since people were keen for me to demonstrate steeking, I thought I'd run up a mini tutorial. Keep in mind that this is just one of many ways to create a steek in your knitted fabric, but it's never failed me if I make sure to follow every step.

Here's the swatch I'll be demonstrating a steek with:

It is knitted flat using chunky weight yarn (Stylecraft Special) on 6.5mm needles. This technique works exactly the same for knitting in the round, but for the sake of photos and this tutorial, I'll be working with a flat panel.

Take a crochet hook (I'm using a 4mm hook here) and find where you want to insert one side of your steek. You're looking for where two columns of knitting line up with one another. Starting at the top of your knitted fabric, insert the crochet hook into the left arm of the right-hand stitch, and the right arm of the left-hand stitch:

With the crochet hook, pull, the tail of the yarn through both legs and tie it in place to secure it:

Then, in the same space, make one single crochet and continue to single crochet all the way down the fabric, following the same line of left arm of the right-hand stitch, and the right arm of the left-hand stitch.

Here's a close-up diagram explaining where you'll be crocheting. The black cross is the symbol for single crochet, and as you can see, they are placed over the legs of two separate columns of stockinette stitch that face one another:

Now here is where steeking varies the most between knitters. Some people like to insert a steek that sits one stitch wide. I've highlighted in this image where the cut would be made if you were making a narrow steek:

I personally prefer to leave a large gap between crocheted rows. This is because I mostly knit stranded colour work, such as Fair Isle, and inserting a narrow steek means there's more room for error. When I've tried to do narrow steeks, I've accidentally caught the crochet with the scissors, and everything has unraveled. Creating a wider steek will produce longer ends on the reverse side, which may need woven in, but I prefer to err on the side of caution and leave a wider gap.

To do the next row of crochet, you must start from the edge you just finished. If your first row of crochet ended at the bottom of the fabric, you must then start the second row from the bottom, and work towards the top. The blue arrow shows the direction of the first line of crochet, and the yellow shows the second line:

Now it's time to take a deep breath and get ready to cut into the fabric! Find where the middle is between the two rows of crochet, and begin to cut:

Cut all the way to the end and there you have it - a steeked piece of knitting!

If you turn the pieces over, you'll see the ends I previously mentioned. If they are long enough, you can weave them in using a crochet hook:

When I started trying to steek, I made a few little swatches to practice with. I highly recommend that you try steeking several times on scrap pieces of knitting before taking a pair of scissors to a sweater that took a hundred hours to make!

I hope this little tutorial has been of some help - it took a few times trying for me to get steeking right, but it's definitely a good arrow to add to your knitting quiver if you're looking to learn a new skill.

A Trip to Papa Westray

I'm back from a fantastic weekend on, Papa Westray, where I spent a few days knitting, spinning and learning about some of Orkney's obscure knitting traditions through a talk and series of workshops lead by Liz Lovick of Northern Lace. As an enthusiast of folklore and owner of an Orkney spinning wheel, the talk was wonderfully informative and ticked all of my boxes (especially as it included some archaeology!). It was my first trip to Papay, as it's known locally, so I took a little time out to visit the Knap of Howar, which is the oldest standing building in northern Europe.

Like a lot of archaeology in Scotland, and on the islands in particular,  much of the Knap has been lost to coastal erosion. The two structures visible today are extremely close to the recently constructed sea wall, and while the site may seem small when you're approaching it, standing within its confines certainly gives you a real sense of scale. You'd be forgiven for thinking that it's not the best idea to build your house facing the sea, but the doorways have jams built within them, inferring that a door of some sort could be secured. You can see from this photo of my hand next to the upright stones that form the doorway just how skilled the builders of the Neolithic were in creating neat and beautiful structures:

The buildings that you see today are actually the remains of structures from a later stage of occupation, built on top of earlier midden material. The Neolithic houses were also built into midden, rather than standing upright on top of the land, as we are used to seeing with our own buildings.

Within the structures, a few interesting features can be found. There are two saddle querns, which are large grinding tools used to turn grain into coarse flour for making bread. There is also a square hearth in the middle of the floor in one of the buildings, which is typical for the Neolithic period, and was even present in Orcadian homes right up until the early 20th century.

The Knap of Howar is well worth a visit while on Papay. It has a small interpretation board, but even if you're not into archaeology, the scenery is gorgeous and very atmospheric.

Now onto the knitting workshop... Liz was actually running three workshops (lace, Fair Isle and gansey), but I chose to do the Fair Isle one, as it's rapidly becoming my favourite form of knitting and I wanted to learn more about it, while also taking the opportunity to see if I have been "doing it right". I say that in a rather tongue-in-cheek way, as I'm not a believer in strict "rules" when it comes to both knitting and crochet. Of course they are important when writing a pattern, but the biggest obstacle to learning either craft as a kid was the way that people trying to teach me were adamant that I had to do it their way. There are certain ways that a yarn should be held, or a direction that a hook should be moved, but it's very personal and everyone both knits and crochet's differently. When knitting Fair Isle, I knit one yarn continental and the other in English, but that's just the way I find most comfortable. The most important part of knitting Fair Isle is keeping your yarns untangled, and to do this it's best to keep one yarn on your left and the other on your right. It just so happens that a continental/English technique is comfortable for me, but I wouldn't expect all knitters to follow the same method.

This is where Liz's talk and workshop comes in. Her central thesis is that there are many traditions in Orcadian knitting that are unique to this set of islands, but may be the result of family or community traditions. You'll find certain motifs on one of the Orcadian islands that are absent on the rest. So what does this mean? Perhaps it's as simple as personal preference - I enjoy knitting certain Fair Isle motifs and take inspiration from the things I enjoy, which are probably different from the knitter sitting next to me,  who may like knitting lace and nothing else.

Anyway, I knitted up a little cuff in North Ronaldsay yarn, and then added steeks to it so I can turn it into a needle book. I have a horrible habit of losing my tapestry needles, and I'm also interested in trying nålbinding, so I need something to keep the needles safe (I'll probably make some nålbinding needles from Fimo clay, since I don't have any tools for shaping bone or wood). I'll take some photos of both the needle case and the nålbinding needles when they're finished.

I also took a trip to the local craft shop, which also doubles-up as the post office. Inside is a cave of wonders for the yarn enthusiast - I bought some Manos del Uraguay lace yarn and am crocheting it up into beautiful cowls (again, it's another thing to share when they're done). I spent much of my free time spinning, as I took my Hitchhiker wheel with me, and learned to do do Peruvian plying! It's perfect for when you have some left over singles on one bobbin that you don't want to waste, but isn't enough to mix in with something else. I can't seem to find any good videos detailing how to do it, so maybe it's something I can make in the future? Who knows - I have so many dominoes in my head at the moment and they're all chapping!

Quick Roundup

I've been so busy over the past few weeks that I've not had much time to blog. There's sooooo much reading to do now that I'm in the final year of my degree that it's taking up most of my time, but I haven't neglected my crafts.

I made this little guy as a sample for workshops on amigurumi that I'll be leading later this year. I'll post more details about it when they're available, but for now, enjoy this cute little guy. His ears and tail are finished with eyelash yarn, which is normally a pain to crochet with, but using it for trim worked well this time.

I've also been knitting a lot of gloves. This pair is made from wool from one of the islands here on Orkney - Papa Westray. It's been sitting in my stash since October, a victim of my "you're so lovely that I don't want to do anything with you so I'll just stare at how pretty you are" syndrome that affects me whenever I get my hands on some yarn that's available in finite quantities.

I've moved onto knitting some Fair Isle gloves using 3ply Shetland wool yarn, and I'm ridiculously happy with how they've turned out. They do, however, need blocked and trying to find glove boards with individual fingers has been a nightmare. I ended up contacting a woodworker on Shetland that I found through the Shetland Arts and Crafts that makes them; I've ordered a pair and they should be with me by the end of the week.

Finally, here's a little preview of a pattern that I'm almost finished writing the complete size-set for. A simple tunic in chunky yarn that's a great introduction to crocheting clothes. It will be available to buy from my Ravelry store in the next couple of weeks!

What I Want in 2016

At the start of the year, I like to sit back and (literally and figuratively) take stock of the progress, if any, I've made over the past twelve months. 2015 was a pretty productive year for me. I started off determined to pick up spinning and ended up with three wheels by the time Autumn rolled 'round and my spinning has come on leaps and bounds, going from a chunky hot mess of scrunched-up fibres to smooth and consistent cobweb-weight thread. I picked up knitting again after years of neglect and invested in a set of HiyaHiya interchangeable needles that have become my go-to, jumping into lace and colour work without the reluctance I'd felt in the past. I even had a crochet pattern published (with another one upcoming this month), which was the highlight of my creativity in 2015, so the question is now, where do I go from here? Here's some of my personal wishes for the upcoming year:

Spinning

I've found myself suffering from the common affliction that can only be described as "threaditus". Spinners will know this - it's when your hand automatically drafts the fibres into a consistent, thin yarn which looks great, but is actually quite restrictive in terms of creativity. I look at some of my first spun yarns with its interesting features, and then I look at the cobweb threads I spin now, and I sort of miss being able to create something totally unique and full of random characteristics. So, one of my aims in 2016 is to sit down with the copy of The Spinners Book of Yarn Designs I was given as a gift and really try to work out some of the more difficult yarns in it. I'm totally in love with beehive yarn - it's my end goal for the year. Oh, and we recently got a microwave too, so I'll be able to dye fibres a lot easier from now on too! Trying to dye yarn on the cooker is an absolute nightmare of mess, frustration and hit-and-miss results.

Painting

Another thing I want to do more of in 2016 is paint!

These are the most recent of my paintings and they're a good year-and-a-bit old now. I found myself focusing on spinning in 2015, with my visual art being put on the back burner. I found a large blank canvas in a charity shop for a couple of quid just before Christmas, so I have no excuse to not get painting. There's a couple of interesting ideas that have been nagging at me for a few weeks, so I may blog on the process of a painting from sketching to the finished thing.

Crochet and Knitting

Finally, I want to keep pressing on with making my own crochet patterns and items. Picking up spinning and knitting last year gave me the confidence boost I needed to take the step into concrete designing. I keep sketchbooks now in a way I haven't in the few years it's been since I stopped doing so much illustration work. Like most of my sketchbooks, only around 5% of it ever makes it to a complete, realised project but they're always full of useful ideas when I look back on them.